From the top: Farol da Barra Lighthouse, Ponta de Santo Antonio, southern end of town.

During the colonial era, it was typical practice for Portuguese priests and missionaries to baptize converted African slaves and Native Americans with surnames of religious connotations. A 2015 autosomal DNA study found out the following ancestral composition in Salvador: 50.5% of African ancestry, 42.4% of European ancestry and 5.8% of Native American ancestry.

The Jesuits, led by the Manuel da Nóbrega, also arrived in the 16th century and worked in converting the Indigenous peoples of the region to Roman Catholicism.

Salvador was the first slave port in the Americas and the African influence of the slaves' descendants makes it a center of Afro-Brazilian () culture.

The city is noted for its cuisine, music, and architecture.

Johan van Dorth administered the colony before his assassination, freeing its slaves.

The city was recaptured by a Luso-Spanish fleet under Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Mendoza on .The census revealed the following self-identification: 1,382,543 persons identify as Pardo (Multiracial) (51.7%); 743,718 as Black (27.8%); 505,645 as White (18.9%); 35,785 as Asian (1.3%); and 7,563 as Amerindian(0.3%).Salvador's population is the result of 500 years of miscegenation.In the Catholic Church, Brazil and the rest of the Portuguese Empire were initially administered as part of the Diocese of Funchal in Portugal but, in 1551, Salvador became the seat of the first Catholic diocese erected in Brazil.he served as the primate of Congo and Angola until the elevation of Luanda on 13 January 1844 and still serves as the national primate of Brazil.Salvador has a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen: Af) with no discernible dry season due to no month having an average rainfall of less than 60 mm.